There is no probable or convincing evidence of total dietary fats on coronary heart disease or cancer.
During 2010 the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and WHO (World Health Organisation) released a report reviewing research on fats and fatty acids.
The report aimed to classify fats to the function of the body and look at the positive and negative effects that fat plays in disease processes.
Fats are essential to the diet. The human body requires fat to survive. This includes saturated fat (butter, ghee, eggs, and lamb), monounsaturated fats (avocado, olive oil) and polyunsaturated fats (flaxseeds, fish, walnuts, almonds, sesame seeds). The reports discussed limitations in these classifications and are beginning to classify fats in terms of their biological properties and health effects.
Despite convincing evidence that overall energy balance (kilojoules) is critical to maintain healthy body weight, the more recent RCT (randomised controlled trials) have shown that higher fat diets can contribute to weight loss. There was no full agreement on the % of fat required daily and the current 30-35% of daily energy is still recommended. A higher % was agreed in many developing countries which contribute to a large part of daily intake.
There was convincing evidence that trans fats increase coronary heart disease-more so than in the past. There was probable evidence for increase risk in heart attack, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Trans fats are found in packaged bakery goods, biscuits, processed foods. The experts agreed a review of the recommended 1% daily intake may need to be revised given some groups of people may consume a number of products containing trans fats contributing to a higher than 1% intake.
Fats have a number of different health benefits from supporting a healthy colon with SCFA (short chain fatty acids from butter) to protecting the nervous system and brain function with omega 3 fatty acids from fish.
Forget the margarine, eat organic butter. Forget the low fat yoghurt and cottage cheese, eat the full fat. Fat is fantastic!
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